Browse by Date
Tuesday, May 22nd @ Bloomfield Library for the Humanities and Social Sciences, Mt. Scopus campus
12:00-13:00 Exhibition Opening: Photographs of the Hakka people of Southern Taiwan (3rd floor)
17:00-18:00 Opening of the “Window On Korea” library corner (4th floor)
Wednesday, May 23rd @ Beit Maiersdorf, Mt. Scopus campus
Supported by the Confucius Institute at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Show AbstractHide Abstract
The Chinese concept of ritual (li 禮) is a complex one, denoting a general form of appropriate behavior on the one hand, and different types of highly structured traditional (or at times religious) rites, on the other. When implemented in everyday realities, the ideal of ritual took many shapes.
The present panel aims to demonstrate and examine ways in which ideas of ritual were used rhetorically to emphasize – or to be emphasized by – additional ideas and ideals in the periods under discussion. In particular, discussions will focus on how the concept of ritual was embedded into the discourse of labor in different texts and throughout different periods; how ritual was emphasized or omitted in discussions on music, thus supporting the authors’ political and social ideologies; and how some forms of ritual related to the conception of “home” and were used to differentiate between various degrees of intimacy among elite men in the Six Dynasties.
By revisiting the manifestations of ritual in everyday life from multiple perspectives, we hope to shed new light on the relations between ritual and power.
Chair: Galia Patt-Shamir (Tel-Aviv University)
Yang Fu (Soochow University): Ritual and Labor in Early Chinese Thought: From the Shijing to Xunzi Show AbstractHide Abstract
The second part investigates some Warring States texts, notably Mozi, Mengzi, Shangjunshu and Xunzi, for the changing understanding of the interplay between ritual and labor from the fifth century BCE onward. It argues that, in the wake of the contemporary socio-political transformations, many Warring States thinkers began to perceive the role of labor from different perspectives; it was by the hand of Xunzi that the connection between ritual and labor was rebuilt with new insights.
Debby Chih-Yen Huang (University of Pennsylvania): The Sworn Brotherhood: An Investigation into the Practice of “shengtang baimu” during the Six Dynasties (the 2nd-7th centuries) Show AbstractHide Abstract
Avital H. Rom (University of Cambridge): To li or not to li: Reading Ritual through Music in Pre-imperial and Early Imperial China Show AbstractHide Abstract
In his “Yue lun” chapter (樂論 “Discussion on Music”), Xunzi (荀子ca. 340-ca.245 BC) emphasizes the pairing of Music (yue 樂) and Ritual (li 禮). This pair would thereafter remain omnipresent in Chinese musical discourses. However, some of the texts discussing music (contemporary or nearly-contemporary to the Xunzi), while unable to ignore the music-ritual pairing completely, choose to place very little emphasis on it. One such example is the Lüshi chunqiu (呂氏春秋ca. 240 BC), whose six “musical” chapters hardly even mention the concept of li, which is so strongly emphasized by Xunzi.
The paper will suggest possible reasons for such neglect of li. Looking into the meaning of li for Xunzi and his contemporaries, and juxtaposing it with the meaning (or meanings) of the concept after the empire’s unification, I will suggest that there may have existed an ideological contradiction between cosmological ideals and ritual ones, and that this contradiction may have been resolved after the unification of China, with the ‘cosmologization’ of ritual.
Chair: Vladimir Rodionov (Buryat State University)
Timur Badmatsyrenov (Buryat State University): Buddhist Tradition as a Reinvented Living Memory in Buryatia Show AbstractHide Abstract
The second way of engaging with tradition is through reforming it. This tendency is present in new Buddhist communities in Russian cities. They are influenced by “Western” educational, religious and political institutions (cf. “protestant Buddhism,” Gombrich & Obeyesekere 1988), and often bundle around the Tibetan diaspora.
This paper explores the notions of tradition employed by Buddhists in contemporary Russia, and look at the power, authority and legitimacy that is generated by variously engaging with it.
Elisa Kohl-Garrity (Max-Planck-Institute for Social Anthropology & Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg): The Moral Authority and Superiority of Past and Future in Mongolia Show AbstractHide Abstract
Chair: W. Puck Brecher (Washington State University)
Discussant: Rotem Kowner (University of Haifa)
Sayuri Arai (HUJI): Multiracial Celebrities in Wartime Japan Show AbstractHide Abstract
W. Puck Brecher (Washington State University): Wartime Japan’s Conflicted Engagement with the West: Problems of Administrative Jurisdiction Show AbstractHide Abstract
Michael Myers (Washington State University): The View that Japan Had No Chance to Win the Asia-Pacific War: Tracing the Roots Show AbstractHide Abstract
This paper looks into the origin of the inevitability view. The inevitability view breaks down because it neither corresponds adequately to new facts about the war as we come to know them nor to the proper arrangement of facts we already know. Moreover, it inhibits us in our efforts to make sense of the war. The alternative—that Japan had a chance to win the war—helps us to inquire in more fruitful ways into the strategies of the combatant nations, the way they prosecuted the war, and the meaning of the war for us today.
Supported by the Academy of Korean Studies Show AbstractHide Abstract
Chair: Hyungki Shin (Yonsei University)
Kagemoto Tsuyoshi (Yonsei University): Liberation without Progress – Anarchism of Yeom Sang-Sup’s early novels Show AbstractHide Abstract
Kyounghoon Lee (Yonsei University): Colonial Narratives and Letters: Centering on Three Texts Published in 1940 Show AbstractHide Abstract
Inpyo Lee (Yonsei University): Analysis of the special relation between “Revolutionary Strategy”, “Suryong” and “Juche-Ideological Human” in North Korean Literature of Juche Period : Based on the contents of the series Immortal History(1972-) Show AbstractHide Abstract
“Suryong” is more like the agony of the national ruin itself, experiencing the agony of the national ruin than any other people. So “Suryong” does not have only the moral legitimacy to overthrow the imperialism that caused the agony of national ruin, but also guarantees the inevitable development of moral history. And the ability that guarantees the historical necessity to lead the people to the absolute good is generally expressed as “action movie”. However, it is not without its substantial basis for the ability to guarantee the historical necessity that corresponds to the morality of “Suryong”. “Juche-Ideological human beings”, anti-Japanese guerillas who are willing to lay down their lives in order to achieve the absolute good of “Immortal History of Revolutionary Struggle” led by “Suryong”, substantially back up the “action movie” by manpower, and this back-up makes the “action movie” have a probability.
In Chapter 2, we will examine the absolute good of “revolutionary strategy” and in Chapter 3 we will examine “Suryong” who embodies the agony of national ruin and guarantees the historical necessity of realizing “revolutionary strategy”. In chapter 4, we will see the “Juche-Ideological Human” who substantially supports the historical necessity of realizing “revolutionary strategy”. We will analyze the special relationship between “Revolutionary Strategy”, “Suryong” and “Juche-Ideological Human” in North Korean Literature of Juche Period. And we will eventually consider that “Suryong” ultimately created “Juche-Ideological Human” to substantially support the historical necessity of realizing his fascist “Revolutionary Strategy”.
Hyungki Shin (Yonsei University): North Korean Literature and the Pitfall of National Sovereignty Show AbstractHide Abstract
Chair: Anett Dippner (Free University Berlin)
Anett Dippner (Free University Berlin): What’s the Value of my Face? Discourses on Resilience and the Emergence of the Beauty Economy Show AbstractHide Abstract
Valeria Lotti (Free University Berlin): The New Ideals of Female Beauty: A Look at Micro Cosmetic Surgery in Urban China Show AbstractHide Abstract
Chair: Rotem Geva (HUJI)
Virien Chopra (Delhi University): Cartoons in the Raj; A Study of the Illustrated Periodicals of Colonial India Show AbstractHide Abstract
Sarvani Gooptu (Netaji Institute for Asian Studies): A New Pilgrimage: Nationalist and Cosmopolitan Ideas in Writings on Asian Pilgrimage in 20th Century Journals in India Show AbstractHide Abstract
Shimon Lev (Hadassah Academic College): Clear Are the Paths of India’: The Cultural and Political Encounter between Indians and Jews in the Context of the Growth of their Respective National Movements Show AbstractHide Abstract
Debasree Chatterjee (Sreegopal Banerjee College): At the Crossroads: Wildlife Conservation and Community Forest Rights in the Simlipal Tiger Reserve, India Show AbstractHide Abstract
11:00-11:30 Coffee break
Chair: Andrei Gomouline (HUJI)
Anthony Terekhov (St. Petersburg State University): Before The Rise of Omenology: Omens in the First Decades of Han Show AbstractHide Abstract
Andrei Gomouline (HUJI): “In the First Year, Follow Their Customs”: Ruler-People Relationships in the Huang-Lao Silk Manuscripts Show AbstractHide Abstract
Maxim Korolkov (Heidelberg University): Social Engineering or Consumer Education: Sumptuary Laws at the Dawn of Imperial Era Show AbstractHide Abstract
Anatoly Polnarov (HUJI): The wen-wu 文武 Dichotomy in Early Chinese Political Thought Show AbstractHide Abstract
Chair: Miri Shefer-Mossensohn (Tel Aviv University)
Ronit Yoeli-Tlalim (Goldsmiths, University of London): The Silk-Roads as a Model for Exploring Eurasian Transmissions of Medical Knowledge: Views from the Tibetan Medical Manuscripts of Dunhuang Show AbstractHide Abstract
While the “Silk Road” as a concept was initially focused on its main termini points—China and Europe— thanks to the great archaeological discoveries of the twentieth century along the Silk Roads, we now know that its greater historical significance lies in fact in the great expanse in between. This paper focuses on some of the medical manuscripts discovered in the so-called “Library Cave” of Dunhuang, where several tons of manuscripts were discovered in the early twentieth century in a location which is quite literally a middle point between Europe and China.
Although nowadays it is difficult for us to imagine, in the second half of the first millennium, the cities of the Taklamakan oases were cosmopolitan seats of sophisticated cultures. The material ‘fossilized’ in the manuscripts found on the Silk Road provide a fresh view into some of the interactions, exchanges and influences which were in one way or another later written out of printed sources.
Miri Shefer-Mossensohn (Tel Aviv University): Re-Visiting the Translation Narrative: The Asian Context of the Arabic Translation Project Show AbstractHide Abstract
One of the major intellectual projects of the medieval Middle East was the mass translation of texts from a variety of languages into Arabic since the 9th century. This cultural project has attracted the attention of many modern scholars. They worked through scientific texts, chronicles, and biographical dictionaries, to explain the motivations, the expertise, the institutions, the logistics, and the finance that sustained such a massive project. The great names of first, Franz Rosenthal, and later on, Dimitri Gutas, contributed to the evolution of a common-place narrative that highlighted the contribution of Hellenic culture and science to the sciences in the medieval Muslim east.
Although a project of that kind of magnitude was obviously well noted in its time and modern scholars have a lot of historical evidence to rely on, we now realize that the cultural reality of the translation project was much more complex than previously assumed. A growing number of scholars in recent years wish to give greater weight to the scientific traditions that entered Arabic and Islamic civilization from the east, from Asia. Interestingly, some of them were important voices in the scholarship on Hellenic science in Islam. The accumulation of these new studies seems to bring us to closer to a significant turning point.
This lecture analyzes the current discourse and asks two questions. The first is why now? What has happened that encourages scholars specifically in the 2010s to question explanations accepted since the mid-20th century? The second question is what is new? This question relates to the contents of the new explanation that seems to emerge and analyzes how Asian traditions within Islam are emphasized more sharply than before.
Leigh Chipman (HUJI): Porcelain and Cloth of Gold: Luxury Goods from the East in Medieval Egypt Show AbstractHide Abstract
Dror Weil (Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin): Between the Four Humors to the Five Phases: Chinese-Islamic Physiological Negotiations in 17th and 18th centuries China Show AbstractHide Abstract
Between the mid-17th and early-18th centuries, a network of savants in China’s cultural hubs strove to reconcile and merge two intellectual discourses, geographically and linguistically distant—one the intellectual discourse that prevailed in centers of scholarship around the Islamicate world and the other that dominated late imperial Chinese literati culture. To that end, members of that network undertook extensive searches for Arabic and Persian manuscripts on theology, law, history and natural philosophy, forgotten in libraries, or newly brought to China with foreign visitors there. By translating selections of these Arabic and Persian texts into Chinese, devising methods of textual scholarship, as well as negotiating the fundamental theories of natural philosophy, these Chinese savants created a new intellectual space in China, bridging between Occidental Islamic theories of nature and their counterparts in China.
Focusing on the case of physiology, this talk will explore the hitherto little-discussed channel of West-East transmission of medical knowledge via Arabic and Persian texts, and its domestic circulation in late imperial China through translation and print. It will introduce the ways translation and textual manipulations that members of this Sino-Islamic network employed in order to synthesize and reconcile western and local theories of physiology. In addition, it will discuss the scope and quality of the intellectual space shared by China and the Islamicate world as seen in the works of this network of Chinese savants.
Ayelet Zohar (Tel Aviv University): Dromedaries on the Tōkaidō: Camel Images in Japanese Culture (1824-2009) Show AbstractHide Abstract
In my presentation, I shall examine several camel images produced in Japan between 1824-1862, some found in research booklets published at the time, while others are impressions of curiosities, including a Nagasaki publication entitled Study of Camels (rakuda gaku) (1824); Kato Eibian’s National Clothing (waga koromo) (1824); Utagawa Kuniyasu’s Pictures of Camels (rakuda no zu) (1824), and his illustrations in Konantei Karatachi, The World of the Camel (rakuda no sekai) (1824); Hokusai’s image of a camel in his Manga notebooks (1850); and finally, a quotation of a Western Orientalist painting of camels in Hashimoto Sadahide’s Picture of a Mercantile Establishment in Yokohama (1861), that can be compared to French and British oil paintings in this genre. Regarding the Modern era, I shall discuss one of Japan’s most powerful artists, Hirayama Ikuo’s Silk Road Nihonga images, and Noguchi Rika’s photographic series In the Desert (2009), documenting camels in the Arab Emirates.
Chair: Irit Averbuch (Tel Aviv University)
Wai-ming Ng (Chinese University of Hong Kong): A Textual Study of Ishiganto in Early Modern Japan Show AbstractHide Abstract
Introduced to the Ryukyu Kingdom and Japan in the late medieval period, ishiganto reached the peak of its popularity in the Tokugawa period. It was fused with native customs and religions, interacting with Shinto, Buddhism, Confucianism, yin-yang and Shugendō. Ishiganto in the Ryukyu Kingdom and Japan was different from that in China in terms of format, name, size, design and function. It demonstrates that the popularization of Chinese culture in Japan often came with localization and was never a one-way cultural flow. Japan turned ishiganto into a part of its own culture. Ishiganto in early modern Japan was used to strengthen Japan’s indigenous customs and religions more than to promote imported Chinese culture.
Irit Weinberg (Tel Aviv University): Space of Their Own? Reading Kurahashi Yumiko’s A Round Trip to the Land of Amanon Show AbstractHide Abstract
While similarly structured narratives in Kurahashi’s oeuvre have received much critical attention, Amanon has been largely neglected. As Marry Knighton pointed out, the reason might lie in critics’ reluctance to deal with a narrative that blatantly and irreverently satirizes feminism. While agreeing with Knighton that it is unwise to discard Kurahashi’s work as failure in feminist terms, I would like to place this work in a larger context of transgressive utopian/dystopian narratives.
By reading Amanon in light of Kurahashi’s own “anti-world” (han-sekai) theory, I will claim that Kurahashi’s novel questions the very categories of utopia and dystopia as well as those of inner space and outer space, and points to a space of embodied emptiness or nothingness in which to look for ways to articulate new and subversive ways of thinking.
Nimrod Chiat (University of Haifa): Three Soundtracks in Search of a Scholar: A Musical Journey Through the Three Nos Associated with the Perception of Japanese Popular Culture Show AbstractHide Abstract
Raz Greenberg (HUJI & Tel Aviv University): From Bunraku to Robot Battles: “The Missing Link” in Science Fiction Anime Show AbstractHide Abstract
The proposed paper aims at expanding Bolton’s argument, and point to the “missing link” between Bunraku and Japanese robot animation—British producer Gerry Anderson (1929-2012). Anderson’s productions, especially those of filmed puppet-theater such as “Thunderbirds” (1964) have been cited by leading figures in the anime industry as a source of inspiration, especially for works about robotics, from popular productions like “Majinga-Z” (1972) to sophisticated works such as “Neon Genesis Evangelion” (1995). Beyond the aesthetic influence, Anderson’s productions were also influenced by the political climate of the 1960s and 1970s, and alongside action and adventure plots, also carried implied criticism of the cold war and called for international cooperation—a message that Japanese animators also identified with.
The proposed paper examines Anderson’s influence, in light of Bolton’s observations and their political subtext, and introduces their important role in shaping modern Japanese animation.
Chair: Guy Podoler (University of Haifa)
Discussant: Soyoung Kwon (George Mason University Korea)
Evgenia Lachina (University of Haifa): Taekwondo Politics: What They Can and Cannot Do for Reconciliation on the Korean Peninsula Show AbstractHide Abstract
Guy Podoler (University of Haifa): The Pyongyang Marathon and North Korea’s Tourism Industry Show AbstractHide Abstract
Hyunjoo Cho (Korea Institute of Sport Science): Somewhere Over the Rainbow: Comparative Research of the North and South Korea Relations on Politics and Sport in Relations to the Change of South Korean Regime in 2017 Show AbstractHide Abstract
My research draws on a constructivist theoretical framework, seeking to identify how the two Koreas and sports organizations recognize and identify their positions in relation to aspects of “Peace through Sport” within the context of international political relations using sport as a vehicle (Wendt, 1999).
This constructivist approach is one which draws in terms of methodology upon Fairclough’s approach to critical discourse analysis (CDA). CDA was applied to press reports in major newspapers fromNorth and South Korea from January 1 2017 to the end of the year. Those contents, which related to North and South Korea relations and sport events, were the subject of the analysis and these include specific South Korean government documents.
Roland B. Wilson (George Mason University Korea): North Korea: The Dynamics of Conflict and Alternative Paths to Peace Show AbstractHide Abstract
This paper will explore the dynamics of the North Korean conflict and ways to support the reduction in autistic hostility using conflict analysis and resolution-centric tools. This will include such diverse efforts as sports diplomacy, people-to-people exchanges, third-party involvement, and sustained contact and dialogue.
Chair: Lior Rosenberg (HUJI)
Orna Naftali (HUJI): ‘Don’t Get Soft!’: Military-Style Methods in Children’s Care and Education in China Show AbstractHide Abstract
Nimrod Baranovitch (Haifa University): The “Bilingual Education” Policy in Xinjiang and Uyghur Resistance to It Show AbstractHide Abstract
Min Zhang (HUJI): ‘Acting Your Age’: Maturation and Schooling in Suburban China Show AbstractHide Abstract
Avital Binah-Pollak (Technion Israel Institute of Technology and Tel-Aviv University): “Marriage? Perhaps in the Future:” Transnational Education and Gender Models of Chinese students in Israel and Germany Show AbstractHide Abstract
Chair: Yigal Bronner (HUJI)
Sivan Goren Arzony (HUJI): Sanskrit Lotuses and Bhāṣā Lilies: Poetic Flaws in the Līlātilakam Show AbstractHide Abstract
Sanskrit theory offers a long list of flaws (doṣa) a poet must avoid, and twenty such faults are discussed in the Līlātilakam. But unlike his Sanskrit predecessors who theorized a “perfected language” (saṃskṛta), the author of the Līlātilakam examines a hybrid language, which he views as intrinsically corrupt (apabhraṣṭa). Can faultless poetry be composed in a flawed medium? Are the poetic faults of the local language the same as those of Sanskrit, or does the hybrid medium entail a new sphere of shortcomings? How does the discussion of flaws help establish the scope and status of Kerala’s poetry? I will consider these questions while discussing some perfect examples of faulty poetry.
Ofer Peres (HUJI): A Benevolent Flawless Saturn: The Curious Case of Poṅku-Caṉīsvarar Show AbstractHide Abstract
This paper introduces a unique manifestation of Śani that attracts many pilgrims annually. This “Benevolent Saturn” (Poṅku-caṉīsvarar) resides in the Tirukollikātu temple of Tiruvarūr district. Here he is visited by the crowds precisely because he managed to rid himself of his own flaw. I will discuss the local mythology which explains how this incredible event happened. In addition, I will explore the unusual local iconography of Śani and the possibility that it was inspired by the ancient Roman worship of Saturn.
Hagar Shalev (HUJI): Perfection via Defects: Exploring the Obstacles of Haṭhayoga Show AbstractHide Abstract
Yet this method is full of obstacles. Laziness, chatting with impostors, inaccurate postures, general despair, excessively sweet or spicy food, the use of mantras and alchemy, sexual intercourse, too much sleep during daytime, and even the attainment of supernatural powers (siddhi)—all these may deflect the yogi from the right path. But what is the purpose of presenting these faults of yoga practice? Do they weaken one’s motivation and blur the clarity of practice? Or do they illuminate the hidden powers of nurturing the body and refining the thought? As I will show, flaws only serve to intensify the hidden strength of the practice. Every obstacle throws light on a virtue (guṇa)—the oppose action that should be practiced—and thus on the way to liberation.
Yigal Bronner (HUJI): One Man’s Virtue Is Another Man’s Flaw: Bhāmaha’s Wrongs Made Right by Daṇḍin Show AbstractHide Abstract
Perhaps in order to demonstrate this explicit notion (and his own playfulness), Daṇḍin quietly lifted a whole set of his predecessor’s “don’ts” and planted them in various illustrations of successful poetic passages. Strangely, this silent practice seems never to have been noticed by traditional and modern readers alike. In this talk we will take a close look at the mechanism through which Bhāmaha’s liabilities resurface as assets in Daṇḍin’s Mirror.
13:30-14:30 Lunch break
Chair: Andrew Plaks (HUJI)
Chen Hainebach (Tel Aviv University): Cosmic Grottoes and Time in Tang Poetry Show AbstractHide Abstract
I analyze five poems in which this site appears and examine its aesthetics and religious background. In my analysis I use two approaches to examine the way time is described in the poems. The first approach relies on James J.Y. Liu’s theoretical framework of Chinese poetry, described in his essay “Time, Space, and Self in Chinese Poetry.” The second is a conceptual framework relying on the term chronotope, which is an organizing concept of symbolic references that all connect to a particular place and constitute an independent time unit.
By illustrating the origin and meaning of the grottoes in the Daoist tradition, particularly the religious texts of the Upper Clarity Daoist lineage, I demonstrate how time is described and show that the poems describe a process from movement to a halt or suspension. After entering the cosmic grotto, time is described in terms of static balance or as an end of a process, described either by verbs or by various Daoist symbols.
In light of this, I argue that the grottoes constitute an independent time unit where time is separated from the mundane world and should be understood in ritualistic terms. Furthermore, I argue that the mention of various metaphors in close succession in a short verbal space leads the reader to a perception of unity. Moreover, the analysis suggests that the grotto should be considered a metaphor for the suspension of time. It may be used in analyzing other tropes and can offer a comparative lens that might reveal other ways of conveying time, elaborating the way we understand the transcendent world.
Maddalena Barenghi (Universität Salzburg): Some Remarks on the “Shatuo liezhuan” 沙陀列傳 and the Shatuo Early Genealogical History Show AbstractHide Abstract
Jannis Jizhou Chen (Harvard University): The Language of Love and Violence: Towards Sinophone Ecocriticism Show AbstractHide Abstract
This theoretical confluence is animated by two major concerns. First, it attends to the limitations of second-wave ecocriticism, which focuses on global catastrophes and postcolonial critique at the expense of nuanced representations of environmental injustice within national boundaries, such as “internal colonialism” and “slow violence” that are then transferred to nonhuman (a)biotic others. These concerns are related to ethnicity, class and, most importantly, species. Second, I seek to explore the relationship between environment and body (ti) with all its transcendental and religio-spiritual implications in the Chinese vein. By adopting an anthropocosmic worldview, my paper challenges the ego-eco dichotomy that currently occupies the heart of the field.
In this paper, I use Taiwanese writer Zhu Tianwen’s short story “Master Chai” (柴师傅) and Chinese-Tibetan writer Alai’s “Yeti” (野人) as two case studies to explore how the eco speaks back to the ego in an emotive language of violence and love, hostility and hospitality, and trust and betrayal.
Chair: Michal Biran (HUJI)
Marie Favereau (Oxford): The Horde Grazing under the Jochids Show AbstractHide Abstract
Matanya Gill (HUJI): Cultural biography of pearls in the Ilkhanate (1260-1335) Show AbstractHide Abstract
Pearls, like other luxuries, were in high demand among the Mongols due to their importance for asserting their authority and fulfilling their social needs. Therefore, trade in pearls flourished under the Mongols and during the time of the Ilkhanate, the Mongol state in the Middle East. This lecture, based mainly on prosopographical analysis of the biographical data obtained from 260 merchants who operated in the Ilkhanate, will examine the following topics: the local pearl industry of the Ilkhanate, including centers of pearl fishing and the export destinations; expertise in piercing and inlay of pearls; and the different uses of pearls within the political, economic, and cultural contexts of the Ilkhanate. This cultural biography of Ilkhanid pearls will analyze the cycles of their production, trade and consumption, highlighting the impact of pearls on the development of trade routes, and on personal careers. I will also compare pearls to other animal products that were common among the Mongols and try to see if the fact that pearls were animal products made them more popular than other gemstones.
Leon Volfovsky (HUJI): Animal Gifts and Diplomatic Relations of the Ilkhanid Dynasty Show AbstractHide Abstract
The paper highlights the exchange of livestock animals (horse and sheep), hunting animals (raptors and felines), as well as exotic animals (elephants, rhinoceros etc.) and animal products, as part of diplomatic gifting from the reign of Chinggis Khan (1206-1227) up to that of the last Ilkhan Abu Sa‘id (1316-1335). It focuses on ca. 30 diplomatic missions, as recorded in Ilkhanid Persian sources as well as Mamluk Arabic sources and European sources about the Mongol Empire and the Yuan dynasty. It examines Ilkhanid interaction with animals and their various uses of the animals at their disposal, notably as a resource for achieving certain diplomatic goals. Such an examination will shed new light on aspects of human-animal relations in Mongol Eurasia, as well as on Ilkhanid diplomacy.
Reuven Amitai (HUJI): The Eurasian Steppe on the Nile? The Mamluks and Their Horses Show AbstractHide Abstract
Chair: Felix Jawinski (University of Leipzig)
Felix Jawinski (University of Leipzig): The Subjectivation Process of Nuclear Laborers in Japan Show AbstractHide Abstract
Daniel Kremers (German Institute for Japanese Studies, Tokyo): Tapping or Draining Local Resources? Looking at Japanese Urban Rural Relations from the Viewpoint of Energy and Sustainability Show AbstractHide Abstract
The outcome of this competition will have a huge effect on the future of Japan. Local resources and renewable energies can be seen as the last hope for the declining local economies. Those local communities who will not be able to generate income and create jobs from renewable energies will continue to decline and disappear in the next 50 years, adding to the hollowing out of Japan’s domestic economy. In order to sustain a high standard of living and prosperity all over Japan, the government thus has a vital interest in promoting the self-sufficiency of local communities and the growth of local businesses. Though there are a couple of successful showcases, the central government is doing very little in this respect.
Florentine Koppenborg (Technical University Munich): Nuclear Safety Regulation after the Fukushima Accident: An Ongoing Struggle over Defining Nuclear Safety Show AbstractHide Abstract
Robert Lindner (Kyushu University, Fukuoka): Energy Conservation and Efficiency in Post-Fukushima Japan Show AbstractHide Abstract
Chair: Galia Press Barnathan (HUJI)
Oshrit Birvadker (Bar-Ilan University): The Emergence of New Dynamic between Delhi and Riyadh Show AbstractHide Abstract
Doron Ella (HUJI): Institutional Statecraft with ‘Chinese Characteristics’: The AIIB and the ADB in a Comparative Perspective Show AbstractHide Abstract
Yoram Evron (University of Haifa): OBOR and China’s Political Involvement in the Middle East: Continuity and Change Show AbstractHide Abstract
Alon Levkowitz (Beit Berl College & Bar-Ilan University): South Korea–Persian Gulf Relations: Korean Style of Balancing between Local and Global Interests Show AbstractHide Abstract
Supported by the Confucius Institute at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Chair: Aron Shai (Tel Aviv University)
Nataly Shahaf (Columbia University): Visual Politics: The Making of Art Society in Early Twentieth-Century China Show AbstractHide Abstract
Lihi Yariv-Laor (HUJI): The First Century: Chao Yuen Ren and the Birth of the Chinese Common Language Show AbstractHide Abstract
The path of the common language and the change of its status over the years both within China and outside it coincide with China’s rise from a humiliated state among the nations to a self-confident superpower. The Chinese language nowadays constitutes a cultural lodestone in China’s global “soft power.”
The first steps of the common Chinese language were designed and accompanied by Chao Yuen Ren (1892-1982). My talk will focus on his contribution to the shaping of China’s contemporary language.
Discussant: Meir Shahar (Tel Aviv University)
Pei-Chun Kuo (National Taiwan University): The Idea of Esoteric Rituals in Heian Tendai Buddhism: Comparing Genshin in Heian Japan with Zunshi in Song China. Show AbstractHide Abstract
Chih-Hung Li (National Taiwan University): Between Mountain Wutai and Capital Chang’an: Buddhist Sacred space and Imperial Imagination in Tang China in the 8th Century. Show AbstractHide Abstract
Guy Grizman (Universität Hamburg): Unearthing the Herukas: The Narratives of the “Eight Pronouncements” Tantric Teachings in India and Tibet Show AbstractHide Abstract
I seek to do two things in this paper. First, I intend to take a closer look at the various passages in the writings of rNying-ma and gSar-ma scholars that contain the narratives of the origination of the bKa’-brgyad teachings in India. I will show and discuss how the narratives evolved in the course of time and in the different traditions. The second matter that I intend to explore is the narrative of how the bKa’-brgyad teachings were transmitted in Tibet by Padmasambhava to a group of selected Tibetan disciples. Here, too, I will show the various versions and details of the narrative and how the narrative has been initially conceived and how it has evolved in course of time.
16:30-17:00 Coffee break
Sonya Özbey explores the intriguing convergence of performance and opposition with regard to social roles around the establishment of Chinese imperial rule. Focusing on the Zhuangzi, she examines the relation between the performance of social roles and the manifestation of ideological stances, and thereby asks us to reconsider the place of the said compilation in the modern political-philosophical discourse. Sharon Sanderovitch concentrates on role-performance in a ritual setting—specifically, the figure of the “personator of the dead” (shi). By exploring the personator’s figurative role in political rhetoric, she probes into concepts of representation in early imperial theories of rulership. Moving forward to the late imperial period, Noa Grass demonstrates the tension between the symbolic role of Ming imperial princes and their actual socioeconomic status, as well as the maneuvering space facilitated by this gap between status and reality. Finally, Oded Abt presents a cross-historical and cross-geographical analysis of traditions concerning the assumption of Chinese identity among descendants of Song-Yuan era Muslim sojourners. Together, these papers provide a wide range of insights regarding roles, actors, and the dissonances they handled, which cross historical periods and disciplinary methods.
Chair: Oded Abt (Tel Aviv University)
Sonya Özbey (University of Michigan): Rethinking Apathy and Radicalism through Role-Playing in the Zhuangzi Show AbstractHide Abstract
Sharon Sanderovitch (Tel Aviv University): Rulers, Personators, and the Concept of Representation in Han Political Discourse Show AbstractHide Abstract
Usually the descendant of the royal ancestors, the ‘personator’ gave body and presence to their spirits during the ancestral ceremony and, via the invocator, facilitated communication with them. What has it meant, then, to use the figure of the personator as itself an analogy for the role of the supreme ruler, the emperor? What made this form of ritual representation attractive, as well as potentially devious, as a literary means for the representation of the royal position? How does this analogy draw on the pre-imperial discourse of rulership, and how might the modern discourse of political representation illuminate its significance for our understanding of early imperial theories of monarchy?
Noa Grass (Tel Aviv University): The Sinking Palace of Prince Qing of Yong: Social Status and Economic Realities of Imperial Princes in the Ming Dynasty Show AbstractHide Abstract
Oded Abt (Tel Aviv University): Muslim Ancestor, Chinese Hero or Tutelary God: Changing Memories of Muslim Descent across the South China Sea Show AbstractHide Abstract
Chair: Qiao Yang (HUJI & Max Planck Institute for the History of Science)
Qiao Yang (HUJI & Max Planck Institute for the History of Science): In the Service of the Khan: Astronomical Institutions and Ceremonies in the Yuan Court. Show AbstractHide Abstract
Xiaolin Ma (Nankai University): On the Evolution of the Mongols’ Imperial Sacrifice Rituals in the 13 th -14th Century. Show AbstractHide Abstract
Ishayahu Landa (HUJI): Filial to the Dynasty and to Buddha: Buddhist, Confucian, and Tribal Elements in the Identity Formation of the Yuan Qonggirad In-laws in the Sino-Steppe Border Zone. Show AbstractHide Abstract
Haiming Mao (HUJI): Ethnicity and Identity in Early Yuan China’s Bureaucracy: A Case Study of Tibetan Prime Minister Sangha Show AbstractHide Abstract
Chair: Reut Harari (Tel Aviv University)
Elesabeth Woolley (SOAS, University of London): Takatsuna, the Horse Thief Show AbstractHide Abstract
One warrior made famous by the tale is Sasaki Takatsuna (1160-1214), best known for his daring race across the Uji River in 1183. Although victorious, Takatsuna’s victory is marred by his deceptions, including the pretence that he stole his master’s horse. Although most Heike texts present Takatsuna simply as a tactical liar, the Genpei Jōsuiki variant exposes a different, darker side of his rise to prominence.
This presentation will demonstrate not only how criminal actions are legitimated in the Genpei Jōsuiki by adherence to the Minamoto cause, but also the role played by the horse in transforming a liminal thief into a warrior of repute.
Naama Eisenstein (SOAS, University of London): Loyalty and Devotion in Pre-modern Japan: Warrior Ideals in Change Show AbstractHide Abstract
As centuries passed, the ideals remained but their context and manifestation changed. This is especially true in Tokugawa times (1603-1868). No longer were warriors sacrificing themselves on the battlefield, and dying for one’s lord could be frowned upon. Yet Tsugunobu’s tale, with its clear message of self-sacrifice, continued to captivate and can be found in numerous artefacts of the period. These artefacts were made for various audiences, crossing society’s strata, reflecting the changing perception of the warrior image in the Tokugawa period.
Danny Orbach (HUJI): “A Mysterious Ideal”: Bushidō and the Leniency to Right-wing Terrorists in Prewar Japan Show AbstractHide Abstract
Why was the legal system in Japan so friendly to right-wing offenders, even when they tried to assassinate leading statesmen and generals? The answer is intertwined with ideological concepts developed since the 1860s, fed by Japan’s peculiar way of modernization and combined with the emerging ideology of Bushidō.
Chair: Liora Sarfati (Tel Aviv University)
Hyun-ho Joo (Yonsei University): Colonial Korea, Japanese Censorship, and China: Korean Media’s Coverage of China in the 1920s Show AbstractHide Abstract
Maria Soldatova (Moscow State Linguistic University): Women’s Secrets of Making Worldwide Bestsellers: Prose of South Korean Female Writers Show AbstractHide Abstract
In the West and in Russia, the notion of women’s literature itself influences interpretation of books written by women. Besides, so-called women’s fiction focusing on women’s life experiences and marketed to female readers is very popular. It is noteworthy that in the Republic of Korea, women writers becme really active when postmodernism became the prevailing paradigm in world culture. Postmodernism denies explanations which claim to be valid for all groups of people and instead focuses on the relative truths of each person. In this paradigm, the concrete experience of a specific man or woman is more important than abstract principles.
I am going to highlight the questions: Which of the themes chosen by South Korean female writers can be called gender-marked? Can we identify some distinctive features of South Korean women’s literature in contrast with “universal” (read: men’s) literature?
Natalia Gladkikh (Moscow State University of Psychology and Education) & Vladimir Vainer (Gladway Foundation): Social Landscape of Korea Republic in a Prism of Public Service Advertising Campaigns Show AbstractHide Abstract
Chair: Shizhou Wang (HUJI & Peking University)
Shizhou Wang (HUJI & Peking University): Unit Crime: Applying the Chinese Criminal Law to Non-Human Entities Show AbstractHide Abstract
Conditions of the unit crime are identified and limitations on criminal liability are explored. Insights for detailed liabilities are offered, including criminal and administrative liability of “the unit,” and the criminal, civil, administrative and disciplinary liabilities of the individual.
This lecture concludes by assessing the value of the concept of unit crime, and weighs the concept’s positive attributes against its deficiencies.
Gal Furer (HUJI): The Chinese Model of “Mixed Ownership” Company: The Case Study of Lenovo Show AbstractHide Abstract
Defining a company as private / commercial vs. state-owned has significant implications, for example, in the standards applied in anti-dumping investigations under WTO rules. Thus, I shall analyze the appropriate position of Lenovo, and its dominant parent company Legend Holdings (联想控股股份有限公), on the spectrum between state-owned enterprises and privately-owned enterprise.
This analysis reliesprimarily on the methodology of Milhaupt and Zheng, as elaborated in their seminal work Beyond Ownership: State Capitalism and the Chinese Firm, but I focus on the situation of a multi–layered and diversified conglomerate which is not directly addressed in their work.
Marcia D. Harpaz (HUJI): China and the WTO: Emerging Signs of Leadership Show AbstractHide Abstract
Using a process-tracing methodology, China’s WTO leadership is analyzed by considering its aspirations and ability to influence other members in negotiations and in establishing rules and norms. The paper aims at offering insight into China’s behavior and impact as a potential leader in the WTO. It can also help anticipate the future leadership role China may play in the changing international trade environment, in which China paradoxically seems to be taking over as the champion of an open global trading system.
Hadas Peled (Tsinghua University & Bar-Ilan University): China’s Legal Globalization in the “New Era” Show AbstractHide Abstract
The paper evaluates China’s legal globalization using a three-pronged approach focusing on questions of private international law. First, from an international perspective, the paper discusses how China’s legal globalization, and in particular, its recent signing of the Choice of Court Convention, will affect the private international world order. Second, from the perspective of the Chinese court system, the paper discusses how China’s court system is reshaping and preparing to be globally oriented. Since Western and Chinese basic jurisprudential approaches diverge, the paper examines how such divergences could be settled. Third, the paper examines how alternative commercial dispute resolution institutions may be influenced by China’s legal globalization.
Chair: Eviatar Shulman (HUJI)
Uri Kaplan (HUJI): Using Confucianism to Counter the Confucians: Buddhist Apologetic Strategies in Pre-modern China and Korea Show AbstractHide Abstract
Yael Shiri (SOAS, University of London): Between the Śākyas and the Gautamas: Buddhist Discourses of Self-establishment in the Buddha’s ‘Biography’ Show AbstractHide Abstract
As part of this lavish tradition, much attention has been dedicated to the description of the Buddha’s clan—the Śākyas. Nevertheless, research on many of these stories has not yet been conducted thoroughly. Treatments of the topic, such as in the admirable works of André Bareau, typically approached it from a “historicist” perspective, trying to uncover the historical truth beneath the narratives. However, perhaps a more fruitful approach would be to recognize such narratives as “historical traditions,” rather than excavating them for their presupposed historical facts.
In this paper, I will focus on one aspect of the Śākyas’ portrayal—their association with the Gautama (Pāli: Gotama) Brahmanical gotra. This designation, which became integral to the Buddha’s own identity, is depicted and elucidated differently in various Buddhist texts. By analyzing such accounts from the Middle Period of Indian Buddhism, using narratological and philological tools, I wish to shed new light on the way that they might have reflected the historical circumstances of their compilers/authors.
Aviran Ben-David (HUJI): TBD
18:30-20:00 Reception & performance of Korean traditional dance and music